25 Αυγούστου 2012

How many people did apartheid kill?



George Annandale who guest writes for News24 usually produces good stuff and the piece below is no exception - save for one small but vital detail. He claims apartheid killed 30 000 people which is factually incorrect. If one is going to accuse a people of mass murder, facts would be apt would it not George? Since this tired old canard keeps cropping up to hit white South Africans over the nose like a rolled up newspaper, I thought it perhaps time to separate fact from fiction once and for all. Let those who object say so now or forever hold their peace. While we're at it, let's put apartheid as a system into perspective.

Do we know how many blacks were killed under apartheid?

We do, and the source is none other than the Human Right Commission submitted as evidence to the TRC in 1997.

The statistics they proffered relate to the number of blacks killed between the years 1948 up to the election in 1994. The total number of blacks killed were 21 000. That falls quite a bit short of 30 000 but wait, it gets more interesting. It's not the full story.

The HRC report also makes a distinction between two periods. One from 1948 till 1989 and the next from 1990 to the election in 1994. The number killed for the period from 1948 until 1989 is 7 000. A helluva lot less than 30 000 wouldn't you think?

That means the number killed from 1990 to 1994 which is AFTER the unbanning of the ANC and for all intents and purposes apartheid had ended is a whopping 14 000, involving mostly black on black violence between the ANC and the IFP and various other factions! Not whitey's fault.

Of the 14 000 killed during those 4 years, 92% of deaths were caused by blacks killing blacks. Only 5.6% were attributed to the Security Forces at the time and usually in retaliation to attacks initiated by the ANC/UDF that had been unbanned. Remember Ciskei? The difference in % is due to unknown causes.

What this means is that during the apartheid reign of 41 years, 7 000 blacks died compared to double the amount of dead in just 4 years! Let me break it down yet further, 170 blacks were killed as a result of apartheid ANNUALLY. That's 170 people per year! That's the HRC figures people! Sounds like an insignificant number now doesn't it? Contrast that with over 200 white farmers dying annually since 1994.

More blacks then were killed under De Klerk's 'new' anti-apartheid government of 4 years than in 41 years of government under full blown apartheid! How good was the propaganda of the anti-apartheid movement eh?!

Let me summarise, this needs to sink in:
1948 - 1989: 7 000
1990 - 1994: 14 000 (of which 92% as a result of 'black-on-black' violence)

Really, is this the death toll of the "heinous" apartheid system the world grew to hate? Just 7000 deaths? And was it the worst thing to happen in the 20th century? Um, let's look at the Left's favourite socialist/ communist/ marxist/ dictators leaders to name but a few:

Jozef Stalin (USSR, 1932-39) : 23 million (the purges plus Ukraine's famine)
Mao Ze-Dong (China, 1958-61 and 1966-69, Tibet 1949-50) : 78 million
Pol Pot (Cambodia, 1975-79): 1,7 million
Menghistu (Ethiopia, 1975-78): 1,5 million

Apartheid: 7000

The list of far worse political systems is quite extensive and apartheid wouldn't even feature. But such was the venom against it that the result is a country destroyed. Apartheid was far from the monster it continues to be portrayed. I agree though that it was unjustifiable and unsustainable and just plain wrong and given a do-over, whites would rather leave blacks to find their way than provide jobs and healthcare and other services which caused their population to balloon from 500 000 when Van Riebeeck landed to the almost 40 million in 1994. Facts people, inconvenient little things that keep getting in the way.

***

No retribution for Mbeki

In 1994 we, the people of South Africa – after a long period of struggle against an unjust, oppressive and cruel Apartheid which resulted in around 30 000 people who opposing the evil system being killed and hundreds of thousands more being displaced – voted for a new dispensation and consequently put the ANC in charge of our new and better South Africa.

The perpetrators and those who were deemed to be complicit or supportive of Apartheid and its evils were expected to apologise and walk around with bowed heads, considered not moral enough to look normal human beings in the eye. Even those claiming to be innocent had to, and still have to, slunk around like a scolded puppies.

Some took the guilt thing so seriously they resorted to the washing of feet to seek absolution. Others showed submission by denying – yes, denialism existed even then – ever supporting the evil system and to justify absolution they embrace the new masters by disclosing imaginary suffering and recruiting converts willing to testify to eager audiences their evil intent at the time, not that they ever had anything remotely assembling evil or intent, but only because it is in or cool.

Fifteen years later we sit with a situation where the ruling party has caused the deaths, through gross negligence and disregard, of over three hundred thousand people. The ANC government, under the leadership of Thabo Mbeki and his trusted lieutenant Manto Tshabalala-Msimang, and with the full support of cabinet and the NEC, committed genocide that makes the Apartheid look like a walk in the park.

After years of denialism the ANC has now decided to dump the responsibility on the shoulders of Mbeki in the same manner as many Nationalists passed Apartheid off as an abomination created a perpetuated by a few mad leaders.

The ANC today refuse to acknowledge their collective accountability; they seem so enamoured by the benefits they derive from power they continue to deny that they could have changed the course of history by tackling the biggest ever enemy of the people of this country, HIV/Aids, head on.

Today ANC leaders accept Mbeki made a mistake, but nothing so bad as to justify retribution. Leaders of the time, strong men of today, people who have proved their power over Mbeki by recalling him for being divisive, could not change his actions with regards to his HIV/Aids denialism. Does this mean Alliance unity is more important than the lives of millions of HIV/Aids sufferers?

During a discussion of the issue, Dr Goqwana, Chairman of Parliamentary Portfolio Committee, stated that as a loyal ANC cadre he does not feel ashamed or embarrassed. He said he had his own ideas with regards to the HIV/Aids pandemic but taking the party line was more important; his party conscience would never allow his moral conscience to determine his actions. He acknowledged there actions was not as a result of fear for Mbeki but could not offer a reasonable explanation for their inexplicable lack of action.

In the same way in which it is expected for every white person, who did not violently oppose the National Party government, to carry his/her loads of shame and guilt, so should every person who voted for the ANC in the last three elections carry their guilt for the HIV/Aids is genocide.

I’m afraid this may mean some, like Kortbroek van Schalkwyk, will carry a double load of guilt. They were complicit in the Apartheid atrocities and the HIV/Aids genocide.

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